Most Important English Literary Term. Literary Term খুবই গুরুত্বপূর্ণ একটা টপিক। আশা করি আমাদের দেয়া Literary Term গুলো দেখে নিলেই কমন পেয়ে যাবেন।
1. Allegory: is a literary work that has an implied meaning.
2. Act: is the major division of a drama.
3. Antithesis: is contrast or polarity in meaning.
4. Allusion: is a reference to an idea, place, person, or text existing outside the literary work.
5. Auto-Biography: is the history of one’s life written by oneself.
6. Alliteration: the repetition of a consonant in two or more words.
7. Ballad: is a song that tells a story.
8. Biography: is the history of a person’s life by one else.
9. Blank Verse: Verses written in iambic pentameter without any rhyme pattern is called blank verse.
10. Comedy: is a play written to entertain its audience ends happily.
11. Classical: means any writing that conforms to the rules and modes of old Greek and Latin written.
12. Canto: is a sub-division of an epic or a narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.
13. Chorus: is a group of singers who stand alongside the stage in a drama.
14. Catharsis: is an emotional release of pity and fear that the tragic incidences in a tragedy arouse to an audience.
15. Comic relief: a humorous scene in a tragedy to eliminate the tragic effect from the audience.
16. Couplet: To lines of the same material length usually found in the Shakespearean sonnet.
17. Catastrophe: Catastrophe is the downfall of the protagonist in a tragedy.
18. Didactic: is a literary work that aims at teaching and instructing it readers.
19. Dirge: is a short functional term.
20. Diction: is the selection of words in literary work.
21. Dialect: is the language of a particular district; class or a group of people.
22. Drammatical Monologue: In a poem when a single person speaks along with or without an audience is called drammatical monologue. Example ‘My last Duchess’—–Browning.
23. Difference between drama and novel: -A drama is meant to perform whereas a novel is meant to read.
24. Difference between stanza and paragraph: -A stanza contains verses whereas a paragraph contains prosaic lines.
25. Epic: is a long narrative poem composed on a grand scale and is exalted style. Example ‘Paradise Last’——-Milton.
26. Epilogue: is the concluding part of a longer poem or a novel or a drama.
27. Fable: is a brief story illustrating a moral.
28. Farce: A form of low comedy designed to provoke laughter.
29. Foot: A basic unit of meter.
30. Fiction: A fiction is an imaginative narrative in prose e.g. Lord of the fly—by Golding.
31. Elegy is a poem mourning to the death of an individual or a lament for a tragic event.
32. Genre: means category or types of literature-epic, ode, ballad etc.
33. Hyperbole: An overstatement or exaggeration.
34. Image: is the mental picture connected with metaphor, smile and symbol.
35. Limerick: is a short poem of a five-line stanza rhyming aaba.
36. Lyric: A lyric is a short poem expressing a simple mood. It is usually personal and musical e.g. Keats’s odes.
37. Linguistic: is the scientific and systematic study of language.
38. Melodrama: A highly sensational drama with happy ending. Example ‘The Spanish Tragedy’ –Kyd.
39. Metaphysical Poetry: Meta means beyond and physical is related to body
40. Mock-epic: It is a long satirical poem dealing with a trivial theme. Example: ‘The rape of the Lock’-Alexander Pope.
41. Metaphor: A metaphor is an implicit comparison between two different things.
42. Metre: The recurrence of similar stress patterns in some lines of a poem.
43. Novel: is a long prose narrative fiction with plot characters etc.
44. Novelette: is longer than a short story and shorter than a novel.
45. Ode: is a long narrative poem of varying, line length dealing with the serious subject matter.
46. Objectivity: We have objectivity in a literary piece when the author focuses on an object from a broadened point of view.
47. Octave: is the firs part of Italian sonnet.
48. Oxymoron: is apparently a physical contrast which oddly makes sense on a deeper level.
49. Prologue: is the beginning part of a novel or a play or a novel.
50. Prose: Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry.
51. Prosody: Prosody is the mechanics or grammar of verse.
52. Protagonist: The protagonist is the main character in a literary work
53. Plot: The arrangement of incidents is called plot.
54. Pun: A pun is playing with words.
55. Periods of English literature: The Anglo-Saxon, Middle English Renaissance, Restoration, Neoclassical Romantic, Victorian, Modern, Post-Modern.
56. Romanticism: was a literary movement. It stands Opposite to reason and focuses on emotion.
57. Rhetoric: Rhetoric is the art of persuasive argument through writing.
58. Symbol: A symbol is anything that stands for something else.
59. Sonnet: is a lyric poem consisting of fourteen rhymed lines dealing with a lofty theme.
60. Satire: is ridiculing the vices and follies of an individual or a society with a corrective design. E.g. ‘The rape of the lock’—Pope.
61. Short-story: A short story is a prose narrative considerable length. It is shorter than a novel.
62. Stanza: is a group of verses having a rhyme scheme pattern.
63. Subjectivity: We find subjectivity in a literary work in which the writer’s personal intrusion takes place.
64. Soliloquy: It means speaking alone when in a play a character is found speaking alone on the stage it is called soliloquy.